For years there have been arguments and debates amongst historians on the topic of the race of ancient Egyptians. The ordinary person doesn’t question the race of Egyptians, they have always looked Caucasian or Arabian to most people, but amongst historians and people who are invested in their cultures, especially Africans, there has been a running inquisition into the possibility that the ancient Egyptian civilisation was of Black African ancestry.
The belief has been that the Arabian population from across the Sinai desert and the Caucasian population who crossed over to Egypt during the years of conquest by Rome had settled together. However, there is a number of historical evidence that points almost to a certainty that ancient Egyptians were Black.
Since 2017 there has been an article going around on the Internet, it has been featured by a couple of supposed credible sources like the CNN and BBC, but closer inspection of the article reveals many loopholes in the argument. The article says that scientists have discovered irrefutable evidence through DNA sequencing that Ancient Egyptians were in fact closely related to the Near East, particularly from the Levante.
This is the Eastern Mediterranean which today includes the countries of Turkey, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon and not sub saharan Africans. A good read of the article reveals that the scientists involved in the research could not find any mitochondrial DNA in the mummified remains which they used for the study.
Also, the mummies the scientists used for the research were all younger than 1300 BC, meanwhile pre-dynastic Egypt existed between 5000 – 3100 BC, a rather large part of the history and supposed period of the intended research, which is clearly ignored by the same research. It seems, very curiously, that the scientists were running into a definite decision without the ongoing research pointing to any answers at all.
There are a couple of plausible reasons why it is believed that the ancient Egyptians were in fact Black African . One of such reasons that is very conspicuous is the very evident cultural similarities between early Egyptians and Africans. The style of dressing, the adornments, the traditions and religious processes.
Senegalese scholar Dr. Cheikh Anta Diop (1923-1986) dedicated his life to scientifically challenging Eurocentric and Arab-centric views of precolonial African culture, specifically those that suggested the ancient civilization of Egypt did not have its origins in Black Africa.
Through a study of circumcision and totemism, He noted: “Historians are in general agreement that the Ethiopians, Egyptians, Colchians, and people of the Southern Levant were among the only people on earth practicing circumcision, which confirms their cultural affiliations, if not their ethnic affiliation.” He added: “The Egyptian style of (adolescent) circumcision was different from how circumcision is practiced in other parts of the world but similar to how it is practiced throughout the African continent.”
Also, virtually all of the early Latin eyewitnesses described the ancient Egyptians as Black-skinned with woolly hair. Several ancient Greek historians noted that Egyptians and Ethiopians had complexions that were “melanchroes,” which most scholars translate as Black, while some scholars translate it as “dark” or “dark-skinned.”
Some of the most-often quoted historians are Diodorus Siculus and Herodotus. According to most translations, Herodotus wrote that a Greek oracle was known to be from Egypt because she was “Black,” that the natives of the Nile region are “Black with heat,’ and that Egyptians were “Black-skinned with woolly hair.”
Diodorus Siculus wrote that the Ethiopians considered the Egyptians as their colony.
Apollodorus called Egypt the country of the Black-footed ones.
Aeschylus, a Greek poet, wrote that Egyptian seamen had “Black limbs.”
Gaston Maspero states that “by the almost unanimous testimony of ancient [Greek] historians, they [ancient Egyptians] belonged to the African race, which settled in Ethiopia.”
Cheikh Anta Diop argued that as humankind began in East Africa it was most likely that people were black skinned. People populated other continents by moving either through the Sahara or the Nile Valley and in the period before the start of the great Egyptian dynasties the whole of the Nile river basin was taken over by these negroid peoples.
Egyptian language has been compared with Wolof, a Senegalese language spoken in West Africa. The studies demonstrate that ancient Egyptian, modern Coptic of Egypt, and Wolof are related, with the latter two having their origin in the former. The kinship amongst the people that lived in those parts are the time is undeniable.
Another quite obvious giveaway of the origins of ancient Egyptians is the Wall paintings, the famous Egyptian arts. These depict the pharaohs and the people as having dark skin. It is evident that the people at the time painted themselves as they were, and the colour they chose was a dark shade. Egypt is famously known for its pyramids and architecture, there is also such architecture in some parts of Africa dated back to even before ancient Egypt; the Sudanese pyramids, the old Mozambique kingdom. The similarities are uncanny and point to only one conclusion.
A disturbing deduction from this development at refuting historically accurate data is that it seems to be that certain people are attempting to cover up history and create another narrative. According to archaeological discovery, the earliest human record of human existence was found in Africa, this alone should point to the possibility that Egypt being the first civilization and located in Africa was built by Africans with Black skin and wooly hair.
It is curious that the established reporters want to assume that human beings existed in Africa as Blacks for centuries and did nothing of note, they do this by taking away an important history that says otherwise. The article and other stipulations try indirectly to enforce the narrative that Blacks are not capable of modernization or civilization and so therefore could not have been responsible for the first civilization on planet earth.
The narrative is rooted in racism because it suggests that one race is incapable of the intellectual capability of some others. These assumptions couldn’t be more wrong. At its most basic, if humans first existed and thrived in Africa, sub saharan Africa and in Ethiopia where the oldest human fossil was found, it means that basic life sustaining advancements were made by Africans, advancements like tools, fire, hunting, clothing, farming, simple machines, architecture, bridges etc.
Humans needed all these things to thrive and it is correct to say that they started with Africans. They also invented art which is evident in sculptures and drawings of ancient times, laying the foundations for future works. Needless to say, our modern advancements are indebted to the ingenious works of the African ancestors who had no precedents to follow and take inspiration from but still made progress, they were the first innovators.